Simple, clear help for your writing problems

Archives for December, 2008

This blog is about writing problems. More specifically, it’s about helping people to fix their writing problems. To that end, it presents writing-related topics including:

  • Grammatical writing problems: recognize and fix grammatical errors
  • Stylistic writing problems: make your writing clear and effective
  • Word-use writing problems: cut down on confusing jargon, and stop using the wrong words
  • Punctuation problems: learn how to use punctuation correctly.
  • Social networking writing problems: resist the debilitating influences Web 2.0 has on writers

Grammar-related Writing Problems

No Grammar-Speak Allowed

Many of us learned grammar in school. We diagrammed sentences, identified types of words and phrases, learned about tenses and how to conjugate verbs, and we used such terms as transitive, intransitive, adjective, adverb, participle, gerund, possessive, plural, contraction, subjunctive, fragment, preposition, and infinitive. Grammarians need to use those words (I call it grammar-speak); writers don’t.

Grammar-speak is the jargon of writing elitists. Sure, you can learn grammar-speak and use it to explain the rules of grammar, but you don’t need to. It’s possible to write engaging, flawless prose without knowing a single word of grammar-speak.

One mission of Writing Problems Explained is to teach the rules of grammar without resorting to the jargon of grammarians. On this web site, we discuss writing problems in jargon-free English, and explore strategies you can use to overcome the problems.

Here’s a crazy notion: I believe that most people who create internet content have good grammar. Unfortunately, many do not use good grammar in their web content. If you feel challenged by the rules of grammar, you know what I mean: When you’re having a conversation, most of what you say out loud is grammatically correct. For some reason, when you write, grammatical errors arise. Writing Problems Explained will help you overcome this common difficulty.

Stylistic Writing Problems

Most people who create internet content recognize good writing style. In fact, they produce a lot of well-structured sentences every day. Unfortunately for some, those sentences come out only in conversation. When it’s time to record thoughts for a blog, a wiki entry, advertising copy, or other web content, the words come out wrong. Writing Problems Explained will help you develop a relaxed, conversational writing style.

Word-Use Writing Problems

Even the best writers stumble over words. Some challenges arise from the similarities between words. For example, does the sentence you’re writing require the word there, their, or they’re? Other word-use challenges arise from your environment: if you constantly hear people misuse or abuse words, you might accidentally make the same mistakes. Writing Problems Explained helps you learn to make good word choices.

Problems with Punctuation

When we speak, we punctuate without thought. But it can be challenging to translate spoken pauses into written punctuation—particularly when there may be more than one acceptable way to punctuate a sentence. Writing Problems Explained helps you punctuate for clarity.

Social Networking Writing Problems

Web 2.0 is a remarkable experiment. It intends to let internet users, through the process of social networking, identify and promote the best web sites and web content. The dynamics that create successful writers within social networks actually encourage bad writing. Writing Problems Explained highlights the ways social networking can degrade the quality of your writing and helps keep you off of the slippery slope.

Visit Often. Ask Questions

I want Writing Problems Explained to become one of the most useful web sites you visit. Please help: Let me know when my posts or articles are useful to you. Tell me when you don’t agree with what I’ve said. Ask questions. I’m looking forward to a long, and spirited conversation about writing problems.

Here are links to other articles with encouragement to fix your writing problems:

  • 225 Ways To Drive Traffic Away From Your Blog – Lately, I’ve been trying to improve my blog traffic and increase the number of subscribers to my RSS feed. I’ve done all sorts of things like networking over MyBlogLog, digging my own posts, and writing catchy headlines. …

  • finding the right words – cash advance. good copywriting requires knowing the right words. but what are the right words, and how do you find them? there are three main factors. know your audience, don’t use the same words repeatedly, and understand the feelings …

Technorati Tags: ,

You can get a lot of writing problems under control simply by reading your own articles before you commit them to the web.

That sentence is an article in itself, but I’m expanding on it to help drive home the point. Careful, conscientious writers make mistakes. Sometimes, the very habits that make your writing good introduce errors that are easy to overlook. When you read your own article, these types of errors often jump out. You might even chuckle, realizing exactly how the errors got into your prose in the first place.

Some Writing Problems You’ll Catch While Reading

Here are a few of the writing problems you’re likely to spot when you read your own articles:

Writing problems with leftover words

If you’re conscientious, you edit your work before you expose the public to it. Often while editing, you change the order of words in a sentence, or you move phrases and sentences around in your prose. Occasionally, you leave words behind. When you read your article, those spurious words stand out.

example: This method produces bug-free produce and it also results in better tasting vegetables as well.

Writing problems with stuck-together words

When you cut and paste a phrase, a sentence, or a paragraph of your article, it’s easy to leave behind a space character. This can accidentally stick two words together. You’ll notice such an accident when you read your article.

example: I found waterpooled on leaves of three rhubarb plants.

Writing problems with when things happen

Especially when you’re working quickly, it’s easy to flip from talking about what’s happening now to talking about what already happened. These awkward moments tend to arise most when you’re writing narratives. You’ll spot them when you read your article.

example: Bill ran to the mailbox and dropped in the letter. Then he looks over his shoulder, and is astonished by what he sees.

Writing problems with quantities

While writing a sentence, it’s common to question your word choices and make changes till the words sound right to your ears. Some awkward sentences arise when you start talking about groups of people or things, but end up talking about only one person or thing. These can be harder to spot than other writing problems, but reading your article gives you your best chance of catching them. (If you don’t see a problem with the sentence in this example—or with the preceding example—please subscribe to my RSS feed or visit often; I’ll explain these common writing problems in an upcoming post.)

example: There was a time when professional writers mailed their manuscript to an editor.

Writing problems with flow

As you write, ideas pop into your mind. Sometimes they’re compelling enough that you incorporate them into your article. Other times you realize your article will be clearer if you move a topic ahead of another one you’ve already covered. When you read your article, you’ll notice misplaced sentences, paragraphs, sections, and subheads.

Writing problems with words that sound alike

When you’re racing to finish a project, capturing the words may take priority over spelling them correctly. Unfortunately, you appear ignorant when you use so instead of sew or way instead of weigh. Your spell-checking software won’t notice these errors, but you will when you read your article.

Writing problems with unlikely words

This happens to all of us: we write a sentence using the word an, but later change the sentence so that an is inappropriate. Consider: This is an awesome performance. might become This is an sublime performance. Being rushed is another cause of unlikely words arising: we accidentally write longer—or shorter—words than we intend to. For example, you’re thinking the word an but your fingers tickle out the word and, or while typing them your fingers omit the m and create the. Again, spell-checkers don’t see these as problems, but the errors are obvious when you read your article.

Read your Articles Before you Post

The writing problems I’ve highlighted are common and forgivable… as long as they don’t appear in your published articles. Every writer makes at least some of these mistakes with nearly every article they write. What distinguishes good writers is that they read their articles, spot the errors, and fix them.

Please help reduce writing problems on the internet by bookmarking this article.

Technorati Tags: , , ,

Control Your Writing Problems

When I worked as a magazine editor, most of my freelance authors had writing problems. In fact, I dealt extensively with writers who would much rather have been assembling computer programs than prose. (Most of them should have stuck with computer programming.) From about forty article submissions I received each month, there were two or three that presented clever, useful, and new ideas I wanted to publish for the magazine’s readers. Sadly, I’d see only one well-written freelance submission in about a three-month time span.

Still, I published a lot of articles submitted by freelancers, and by the time those articles appeared in the magazine, they were well-written. The point of this blog post is what happened to an article after I received it from the writer and before it went to press in the magazine. Please note that the steps I describe here are representative of a professional publishing operation; details vary from one company to the next.

The Writing Problems Relief Team

The publishing industry has given rise to an editorial process in use at nearly every magazine and book publisher in the country. It goes like this:

  1. An acquisitions editor selects only the most interesting and well-written stories.
  2. An editor fixes a story’s writing problems: structure, grammar, spelling, punctuation, sequence, logic, clarity. In some cases, the editor points out the problems to the author and expects the author to make changes.
  3. The editor submits the story to a managing editor who approves it or sends it back for further editing.
  4. Eventually, the managing editor approves the story and distributes it to a copyeditor, the art director, and the chief editor. A copy of the story also goes to a fact-checker and/or a technical reviewer, depending on the type of publication.
  5. The copyeditor pounds out grammar errors, spelling errors, structural problems… in fact, the copyeditor may make all the same types of changes the original editor might have made. Those changes go back to the editor who is responsible for the story’s final draft.
  6. The fact-checker researches information presented in the article: job titles of people mentioned, addresses, phone numbers, spelling of people’s names, dates cited, and so on.

    The technical reviewer tests the accuracy of procedures laid out in the article: if readers do what the article tells them to, will they get the intended results?

  7. The editor incorporates the suggestions from the managing editor, the copyeditor, the fact-checker, and the technical reviewer. Oh, but that’s not all. The editor may also need to consider comments from the chief editor.
  8. The final draft goes to the managing editor who hands it off to the art director. The art department lays out the article, and may request changes in length or the number of illustrations to fill available space.
  9. The editor modifies the article to suit the art director’s needs.
  10. A proof goes to the managing editor, a proofreader, and the original editor. When they agree everything is perfect, the production manager sends a master to the print shop. Historically, the print shop would send back “bluelines” or “blues” which were photographic prints of the negatives prepared by the print shop. Digital print shops today may return proofs on regular paper.
  11. The editor, art director, and managing editor review the proofs, looking for lingering typos and ink splotches or broken text that can result from inaccurate imaging done by the printers.
  12. The article comes out perfectly. Of course, I jest. Despite this through review process, we’d publish a stinker from time-to-time. We were always dismayed when a typo, a technical error, or a fact that wasn’t a fact made it into print. How could such a thorough process miss something so obvious?

How do you Catch Your Writing Problems?

If it takes this many people to get an article right most of the time, you’re putting an enormous burden on yourself when you try to do the job yourself. You are writer, editor, copyeditor, fact-checker, technical reviewer, art director, proofreader, and, of course, managing and chief editor rolled into one person. What’s more, if you’re blogging or cramming articles into article directories, you may be producing an entire magazine’s content each month.

Sure, computers make it easy to produce a lot. But without the checks and balances built into the traditional publishing model, computers make it easy to produce a lot of bad stuff.

Don’t be one of the offenders. Here’s how to reduce the writing problems in your web content:

  • As the writer, slow down and write well.
  • As the editor, be hyper-critical.
  • As the copyeditor, stamp out spelling, grammatical, stylistic, and other writing problems.
  • As the fact-checker, don’t accept what you wrote because you know what you’re talking about; look stuff up! If you have the least doubt about a fact, don’t write the fact into a sentence until you’ve double-checked your own knowledge.
  • As the technical reviewer, read your article as if you’re an ignorant newbie and make sure you can accomplish the tasks the article describes without stumbling. Don’t just read; follow the article’s instructions step-by-step!
  • As the art director, choose fonts that are easy on the eye. Keep layouts simple. Provide engaging illustrations that clarify your topic. Use detailed figure captions (some readers read only the figure captions).
  • As the managing editor, distribute your work to people who will provide healthy criticism and who will point out your spelling, grammar, and other writing problems… before you publish your work.

Please help reduce writing problems on the internet by bookmarking this article.

Technorati Tags: , , , ,

I haven’t done a scientific study, but I suspect that misusing the words your and you’re is among the most common writing problems on the internet. It is unbelievable how often internet content creators mix up these two words.

I suspect that nearly all internet content creators can correctly explain the meanings of your and you’re. Still, these words show up incorrectly in blog-after-blog, and article-after-article.

Eliminate You’re and Your from your Writing Problems

Here’s the simple explanation:

The word you’re means you are.

Your means that which belongs to you.

Every writer owes his or her readers a promise to know this and to exercise the knowledge. If you ever have problems with your and you’re, there’s a simple trick you can use to make sure you choose correctly:

When you’re writing a sentence with the word your or you’re in it, stop and do this:

Recite the sentence out loud, replacing the word your or you’re with you are.

If the result is nonsense, use your in the original sentence.

If the test sentence makes sense, use you’re in the original sentence.

This always works!!!

Why is You’re one of Your Writing Problems?

This is a bigger question than one blog post can answer; the internet publishing arena encourages—even rewards—behavior that gives rise to writing problems. If you seem always to swap your with you’re, it could be simply because you’re working too quickly.

But there are other insidious reasons to mess up with these words. For example, your spell-checker software recognizes both your and you’re as acceptable spellings of real words. Worse: grammar-checking software can be lazy. It may flag an instance of your not because the word use is incorrect, but because the grammar-checker really doesn’t know; it alerts you heavy-handedly that your may be the wrong word choice!

So, reread everything you write before you commit it to the internet. Habitually run each your and you’re through the test I proposed above. If mistakes continue to slip through, create a cheat sheet and tape it to your monitor, or place it in some other prominent place where you can glance at it as-needed while you’re proof-reading your work.

Practice to Reduce Your Writing Problems

Here are some examples of the “you are” test in action:

In the sentence, What’s your problem? Replace your with you are. It reads, What’s you are problem? The test sentence is nonsense, so your is the correct word.

Try: If your reading this, your going to reduce you’re writing problems. The test sentence becomes, If you are reading this, you are going to reduce you are writing problems. Fixing the original sentence is a piece of cake: Replace each your with you’re and replace the your with you’re.

Enjoy these other articles to help with your writing problems:

  • Writing An Outstanding Blog Post In 5 (ok, make that 6) Easy Steps – Wether you’re blogging for fun, for fame, for money, to get your thoughts on paper (err, i mean, on computer screens), because you’re a relationship geek, or for no particular reason. You probably want people to read your stuff! …

  • Common Grammar Mistakes – I’m not a language expert. I just know some basic English. I just like to share some of the most common grammar mistakes that I know of. Actually, I also fall for these mistakes from time to time. 1. Your and You’re. …

 

Please help reduce writing problems on the internet by bookmarking this article.

Technorati Tags: ,

Apparently, most grocery and discount store managers have writing problems. Their misuse of the word less has been decried by patrons for decades. I hope you know I’m talking about those signs at checkout counters that read, 12 items or less.

Store managers don’t seem to care that they’re contributing to the world’s writing problems. You see, people shaping society today grew up reading those signs, and many don’t know the difference between the words less and fewer. People who do know the difference may be put off when they see the wrong word at work in your prose. For example, when Turner Network Television (TNT) started running adds with the tag line, “Get more movie, less commercials on TNT,” I was aghast! These guys have hundreds of millions of dollars and tens of thousands of employees, and they couldn’t come up with a grammatically sound tag line.

You’ll be more successful as a creator of internet content if you learn the difference between less and fewer. (And your writing will be better than that of Turner Network Television.)

Decrease your Writing Problems by One

Here’s what every writer needs to learn:

If you have discrete items, you can have more of them and you can have fewer of them.

If you are describing something that you can divide into portions of any size—and any amount of that thing is still that thing, then you can have more of the thing or less of it.

Here’s how it works: A candy bar is a discrete item. If you have ten candy bars and you eat some, you end up with fewer candy bars. In contrast, candy is not a discrete item. If you have a whole lot of candy and if you eat some, you’ll have less candy.

Get it Right, Always

If you’re about to use the word less in a sentence, do this:

Identify what less is referring to and ask the question “How much (item) do I have?”

So, if you’re about to write, “Belinda was concerned about having less apples than she needed to make the pie,” stop. You’re talking about apples, so say the sentence “How much apples do I have?”

Does the test sentence make sense? No! You can safely conclude that less is the wrong word; use fewer.

If you’re about to write, “Belinda was concerned about having less flour than she needed to make the pie,” you’ll be pleased when you construct the test sentence: “How much flour do I have?” The test sentence makes perfect sense, so less is the correct word.

Reinforce the Lesson

Use the word fewer when you’re talking about discrete items. Use the word less when you’re talking about indiscrete stuff. Here are some examples to help ingrain the difference:

Fewer apples, less applesauce

Fewer ice cubes, less ice

Fewer grains of sand, less sand

Fewer cans and bottles, less junk

Fewer boxes, packages, and cartons; fewer groceries; less food

To answer the question proposed in the title of this article: You want fewer writing problems, fewer mistakes, less difficulty.

 

Please help reduce writing problems on the internet by bookmarking this article.

Technorati Tags: ,